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DESCRIPTION: Chlorine is a toxic gas with corrosive properties. It is widely used as bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth and in manufacturing solvents, pesticides, synthetic rubber, and refrigerants. Chlorine has also been used as a chemical warfare choking agent. The lowest level at which humans can smell chlorine and notice its. The book will be published in March by the American Water Works Association. The Chlorine Revolution is about a courageous physician and his partnership with the greatest sanitary engineer of the time to plan, build and operate the first, large-scale drinking water disinfection system in the U.S/5(19). Safe Work Practices for Chlorine This manual is mainly for two groups: employers whose businesses include the use of chlorine gas for water or sewage treatment; and workers who work with or around chlorine gas, including those who repair or maintain chlorine systems. Chlorine Principles and Industrial Practice Edited by Peter Schmittinger Chlorine is one of the most important inorganic basic chemicals: It is an essential reaction component for the synthesis of numerous organic and inorganic chemicals and plastics, as well as being of great importance for the production of pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, bleaches and insecticides.
Chlorine is a naturally occurring element and, as part of the literal salt of the earth, very abundant. Humans have harnessed chlorine and most commonly use it for disinfecting purposes. Unfortunately, chlorine's potential toxicity is not limited to mold and fungus and has actually been linked to serious health dangers for humans. Free available chlorine (FAC), which should be in the range of 2 - 4 ppm, but never fall below ppm ; Total chlorine, to assure that combined available chlorine (CAC) levels are less than ppm ; The pH level to keep it between and , indicating that the chlorine is working effectively ; Total alkalinity to make sure that pH levels. Chlorine Hazard Summary Chlorine is a commonly used household cleaner and disinfectant. Chlorine is a potent irritant to the eyes, the upper respiratory tract, and lungs. Chronic (long-term) exposure to chlorine gas in workers has resulted in respiratory effects, including eye and throat irritation and airflow obstruction. Chlorine will react violently with many different chemicals and materials. It is essen-tial that all equipment, piping and valves be properly cleaned and dried for chlorine service before introducing any chlorine into the system. Chlorine will react with many metals, especially at elevated temperatures. It is criti-File Size: 2MB.
Pool chemicals, such as chlorine and bromine, are added to treated venues (for example, pools, hot tubs/spas, and water playgrounds) to protect swimmers from the spread of germs and prevent outbreaks. Other pool chemicals help with the disinfection process (for example, pH control), improve water quality, stop corrosion and scaling of equipment. A handbook dedicated to the safe and efficient use of chlorine. The first half of the handbook is designed for all persons involved in handling chlorine or working in areas where it is used. The second half is information for engineers involved in the design of chlorine installations. This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue. Chlorine opens doors to thousands of social and public health benefits. If you drive a car, use a computer, drink a glass of water, or wear vinyl rain gear, chlorine is working for you. Chlorine chemistry is also used to produce 93 percent of all prescription drugs used in the U.S.